Acne in its many forms
Although the phrase “breakout” is often used to refer to all forms of acne, this may not necessarily provide an appropriate description of the condition. It’s not always the case, but acne may spread throughout the skin.
Acne is brought on by blocked pores on the skin. There are a few possible explanations for this:
blocked pores are caused by hormones released by oil (sebum) bacteria in dead skin cells that are in excess.
Acne is often connected with the hormonal swings that are encountered throughout puberty; however, acne may also affect adults. Acne is one of the most common skin disorders in the United States, affecting around 17 million people of all ages, including children and adults.
It is essential to an effective treatment plan to correctly identify the kind of acne that you have. Inflammatory or noninflammatory types of acne are also possible. The following are examples of acne subtypes that fall within these two categories:
It is possible to have many forms of acne at the same time, and certain instances may be severe enough to need a trip to the dermatologist for treatment. Use the FindCare feature on Healthline to locate a dermatologist in your region if you are concerned about your acne but do not currently have a dermatologist who you see regularly.
Keep reading if you want to learn more about the different forms of acne and how to cure them.
When pores on the skin get blocked with bacteria, oil, and dead skin cells, the result is the formation of cysts. Clogs are deeper than nodules and develop far deeper into the skin than where nodules do.
It may be rather uncomfortable to even lightly brush across these huge red or white lumps. Acne cysts are the most severe form of the skin condition, and their development is often brought on by a severe infection. This is also the sort of acne that is most prone to leave scars.
Isotretinoin, which is available exclusively with a doctor’s prescription, is often used to treat cysts (Sotret). In more serious instances, your dermatologist may suggest having a cyst surgically removed.
Nodules are formed when pores that are already blocked and swollen are irritated more, causing them to become bigger. In comparison to pustules and papules, nodules are situated much farther below the surface of the skin.
Due to their location so deeply under the skin, nodules are notoriously difficult to treat at home. Medication via prescription is necessary in order to alleviate these symptoms.
Isotretinoin is a drug that may be used orally and will most likely be administered to you by either your primary care physician or a dermatologist (Sotret). This is a derivate of vitamin A, and it is intended to be consumed once day for between four and six months. It does this by lowering the size of the oil glands that are contained inside the pores, which in turn treats and prevents nodules.
The breakdown of the walls that surround your pores, which occurs as a consequence of acute inflammation, leads to the formation of papules. As a direct consequence of this, the pores become rigid and congested, as well as very sensitive to the touch. The skin around and around these pores is often pink in color.
The walls that surround your pores might also degrade, which can lead to the formation of pustules. In contrast to papules, which are empty within, pustules are full of pus. These lumps have a tendency to be red in color and have the appearance of protruding from the skin. They often have yellow or white heads on top of their bodies.
acne that is inflammatory
Acne that is inflammatory is characterized by redness and swelling of the affected pimples.
Inflamed acne is caused in part by sebum and dead skin cells, but bacteria may also block pores and contribute to the condition. Bacteria are able to infect the dermis and the deeper layers of the skin. This might result in acne patches that are not only uncomfortable but also difficult to eliminate.
There is some evidence that using products with benzoyl peroxide may help reduce edema and clear germs from the skin. [Citation needed] [Citation needed] These are also useful for removing excess sebum from the skin. In addition to the use of benzoyl peroxide, your physician may also recommend the use of an oral or topical antibiotic to treat inflammatory acne. Inflammatory papules and pustules may also be treated with topical retinoids, which are quite helpful in this regard.
imperfection(s) (closed comedones)
Whiteheads are a kind of comedone that develop when pores on the skin get blocked with sebum and dead skin cells. On the other hand, in contrast to blackheads, the top of the pore does not shut. It looks like a tiny bump on the surface of the skin.
Whiteheads are more difficult to cure than blackheads since the pores are already blocked when they appear. Products that include salicylic acid may have some positive effects. The most effective treatment for comedonal acne is comedolytic topical retinoids. Adapalene, which is sold under the brand name Differin, is a retinoid that may now be purchased without a prescription. If you find that it does not work for you, your dermatologist may be able to recommend more potent topical retinoids.
Acne that does not include inflammation
Whiteheads and blackheads are examples of types of acne that are non-inflammatory. In most cases, they will not result in oedema. They also react well to drugs that may be purchased without a prescription, abbreviated as OTC.
Although salicylic acid is often advertised as a treatment for acne in general, the kind of acne that is noninflammatory is the one in which it is most successful. The skin is naturally exfoliated, and the removal of dead skin cells that might lead to blackheads and whiteheads is one of the benefits. Cleansers, toners, and moisturizers all contain it to varying degrees.
imperfection(s) (open comedones)
When a pore on the skin gets blocked with an accumulation of sebum and dead skin cells, blackheads may develop. In spite of the fact that the majority of the pore is blocked, the opening at its very top is still unobstructed. This results in the recognizable dark black hue that may be observed on the surface.