The 7 Categories/types of Drugs

One of the most discouraging parts of the issue is the truth that misusing drugs has ramifications not only for the person who takes drugs but also for their friends and family members. This is one of the most important components of the problem. As a result of their continued drug abuse, their relationships may suffer, and they may find it difficult to trust others again.

It is difficult to pinpoint precisely when a person’s use of drugs for recreational reasons starts to border on addiction. Nevertheless, there are significant lot of dangers involved with drug use, both physically and emotionally. It is vital to have knowledge of the reasons that lead to addiction, which may vary from the abuse of prescription pharmaceuticals to the attempt to self-medicate mental illness. This understanding is crucial because it is essential to have an awareness of the elements that contribute to addiction.


Stimulants, sometimes known as “uppers,” are drugs that have an impact on the body’s central nervous system (CNS) and give the user the impression that they are “speeding up.” Because of these drugs, the user has a heightened degree of alertness. Additionally, the user’s heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and blood glucose levels increase as a consequence of taking these medicines.

Stimulants are often recommended by doctors to patients seeking therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. These drugs, which reduce feelings of hunger, may also make it simpler to limit calorie intake and so facilitate weight loss. Students in high school and university may abuse stimulants when they attempt to boost their performance in either academics or sports. This may lead to abuse of stimulants.

Pills are the most common kind of stimulant that may be purchased, although these substances can also be sniffed, smoked, or even be present in food and drink. For example, caffeine may be found in a broad number of different beverages, but cocaine is often eaten in the form of a powder.

The following is a list of some examples of the many types of stimulants:

Synthetic marijuana is produced in a laboratory.
The Risks Associated with Misusing Stimulants

If they are taken inappropriately, stimulants have the potential to bring about a broad variety of unfavourable consequences. The following are some examples of these potential repercussions:

A higher temperature than normal in the body
a malfunction of the heart

Opioids are one of the pharmacological families that have the potential for the greatest levels of addiction. In addition to being powerful painkillers, opioids also provide a euphoric high in the user. Opioids are often given to people who are suffering from extreme pain in an effort to reduce the amount of suffering they are experiencing. The poppy plant is where opioids are extracted from. Despite the fact that these sorts of pharmaceuticals are quite effective in producing a habit, it could take as little as a week or two at the most to start feeling the effects of physical reliance on them. Studies have demonstrated that it is possible to acquire an addiction to an opioid after taking only a single dose of the medication under highly exceptional conditions, and this is true even if the circumstances are exceedingly rare.

It is permissible to use opioids by smoking, eating, drinking, injecting, or orally ingesting pills or capsules. The following drugs fall within the category of opioids:

The Risks Associated with Misusing Opioids

Opioid addiction may have a severe impact on a person’s life. [Case in point:] [Case in point:] When someone ultimately decides to stop misusing opioids, they may go through a period in which they are plagued by a variety of uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Patients who go through opiate withdrawal, for example, may have symptoms that are very similar to those of the flu. This may be a very difficult process. Among the other side effects of withdrawal are the following:

vomiting and feeling ill in one’s stomach
The inability to fall or stay asleep varies in intensity depending on the temperature.
A significant quantity of sweating is produced
Muscle cramps
Runny nose
Eyes that are irritated


The body’s central nervous system (CNS) is impacted by depressants in the same manner that it is affected by stimulants, only in the opposite direction that it is affected by stimulants. Users will have the sensation that time is “slowing down” as a result of this. As a direct consequence of this, people on the street often refer to them as “downers.”

Depressants are sometimes recommended to patients by their treating doctors who suffer from problems such as anxiety, inability to sleep, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and other health issues that hinder the person from being able to completely relax. These drugs often have the effect of calming the person using them, which makes them an appealing choice for both teenagers and adults who are looking for an escape from the stresses of everyday life.

Examples of depressants include:


Alcohol’s Intoxicating and Depressant Effects

Alcohol, which is a medication with a sedative effect, is often taken by those who are seeking for a means to relax or who are in need of a way to relax. Even while drinking is often associated with unexpected bursts of energy, the person will undoubtedly suffer a delay in their essential functioning as a result of the use of alcohol. People who experience this slowing down may have trouble speaking clearly, have shifts in judgment, and have trouble maintaining their balance. An overdose of alcohol has the potential to result in severe toxicity and even death. [Case in point:] [Case in point:]

Effects of Tobacco

One of the Effects of Tobacco That Is Depressant Nicotine, the psychoactive component of tobacco, is a chemical that has dual characteristics; it acts as both a stimulant and a depressant, executing the activities of both of these categories simultaneously. Tobacco users report first feeling a little rush, which is then followed almost immediately by a sensation of relaxation. Experimenting with nicotine is very dangerous due to the fact that it is one of the drugs that have the greatest probability of leading to addiction.

The Risks Involved in Misusing Antidepressants

Abuse of depressants may lead to a range of difficulties, including the following, both in the short term and in the long term. Some of these problems include: When used properly, depressants may be beneficial in some circumstances.

Confusion\s Dizziness Extreme drowsiness
slowed down the beating of the heart
It is tough for me to communicate verbally.
a lack of ability to concentrate or focus; a breakdown in the ability to coordinate efforts
a rapid breathing pattern that is shallow or strained.

A person’s perception of their surroundings may be altered by hallucinogens, which belong to the class of psychoactive chemicals known as psychedelics. They achieve their goal by disrupting the typical functioning of the brain, which in turn has an effect on emotions, the capacity to process sensory information, and the ability to control muscular tone. They may have been created in a laboratory, or they could have been found in nature.

Although research is being conducted right now on possible medicinal uses for these chemicals, the vast majority of these pharmaceuticals are thought to be taken for recreational reasons. This is despite the fact that research is being conducted right now on these substances. The following drugs are some examples of chemicals that might cause hallucinations:

Psilocybin (mushrooms)

Peyote may be used in lieu of (mescaline) LSD, or in conjunction with any of them (acid)
Abusing hallucinogens comes with a host of risks.

Hallucinogen abuse may have devastating consequences that can follow a person for the rest of their lives, including the following potential outcomes:

The illness that is also known as hallucinogen persistent perception disorder may also manifest itself in the form of flashbacks.
Concerned about being muddled in one’s thoughts

  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis
  • Anxiety

A blood pressure that is much greater than the norm Nausea, Dissociatives

Dissociatives have the effect of distorting the user’s perception of reality and also cause the user to “dissociate,” which is the experience of having the impression that they are seeing themselves from a location outside of their own bodies. They may create a false sense of invulnerability, which may drive them to participate in risky behaviour, such as driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or participating in hazardous sex. Alternatively, they may develop a false sense of invulnerability.

The therapeutic impact that these medications have comes from their ability to block glutamate receptors in the brain. One of the most essential neurotransmitters is glutamate, which has a role in the regulation of cognition, emotion, and the perception of pain. Dissociatives may be consumed in the form of liquids, powders, solids, or gases, depending on the specific substance. These pharmaceuticals are mentioned in the list:

Abuse of dissociative drugs like ketamine, DXM (dextromethorphan), and phencyclidine (PCP) comes with a number of risks.

The use of dissociatives is fraught with danger, and this is especially true when the drugs are used repeatedly over an extended period of time. Nevertheless, the immediate impacts they cause might be rather distressing in and of themselves:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Thoughts of taking one’s own life are common.
  • Inability to communicate with others and withdrawal from social activities
  • Numbness, hallucinations, and disconnection from the real world
  • Memory impairment or loss In
  • halants

The users of these drugs, which are virtually completely made up of everyday substances, experience transient feelings of pleasure as a direct result of the medication’s ability to produce these substances. In order for substances to be absorbed into the lungs, they have to be in the form of gases or fumes, which is known as inhalation. Even though various inhalants provide relatively different “highs,” the majority of people who abuse inhalants are willing to take any chemical as long as they can get their hands on it. This is because inhalants are very accessible.

Inhalants may include substances such as the following examples:

  • smells of gasoline and glue, in addition to the scents and fumes of paint, markers, and paint thinner
  • Nitrous oxide
  • Aerosol sprays
  • Room deodorizers
  • Abusing inhalants comes with a host of risks.

Abuse of inhalants may have devastating effects, both immediately and over the long term, including the following list of potential side effects:

Lack of capacity to detect odours

  • Brain injury
  • Nosebleeds
  • Weakness
  • Euphoria
  • a condition of having lost consciousness characterized by a rapid pounding of the heart
  • hallucinations speech that is slurred or muddled up hallucinations
  • Cannabis

Cannabis, which is more often referred to as marijuana, is a drug that produces euphoric effects and also creates effects that are comparable to those that a depressant would. In spite of the fact that it is categorized as a drug with a high potential for abuse, which makes it a Schedule I substance, its medical use of it is becoming more widespread in the United States. On the other hand, marijuana is often abused by individuals who have no reasonable need for it from a medical point of view.

After the THC has been removed from the cannabis plant material, the substance may be smoked, vaporized, or even taken orally to experience its psychoactive effects. Here are some examples of cannabinoids found in cannabis:

Marijuana, hashish, cannabis oil, and other therapeutic drugs derived from cannabis, such as Sativex, are all examples.
The Risks Involved in Developing a Dependence on Cannabis

Cannabis abuse, despite the fact that it is one of the most often used kinds of opiates, has the ability to destroy people’s lives and has consequences that are both short-term and long-term, including the following:

Decreased resistance to becoming ill Depression Persistent anxiety Fall in sperm count in men Reduced resistance to being sick
Slower reflexes and reaction times as a result of sedation
enhanced senses, such as the ability to see colours more vividly; however, this is offset by a diminished capacity to discern time.

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